[pve-devel] [RFC/PATCH v2 qemu 3/3] PVE-Backup: avoid segfault issues upon backup-cancel

Fabian Ebner f.ebner at proxmox.com
Wed May 25 13:59:39 CEST 2022


When canceling a backup in PVE via a signal it's easy to run into a
situation where the job is already failing when the backup_cancel QMP
command comes in. With a bit of unlucky timing on top, it can happen
that job_exit() runs between schedulung of job_cancel_bh() and
execution of job_cancel_bh(). But job_cancel_sync() does not expect
that the job is already finalized (in fact, the job might've been
freed already, but even if it isn't, job_cancel_sync() would try to
deref job->txn which would be NULL at that point).

It is not possible to simply use the job_cancel() (which is advertised
as being async but isn't in all cases) in qmp_backup_cancel() for the
same reason job_cancel_sync() cannot be used. Namely, because it can
invoke job_finish_sync() (which uses AIO_WAIT_WHILE and thus hangs if
called from a coroutine). This happens when there's multiple jobs in
the transaction and job->deferred_to_main_loop is true (is set before
scheduling job_exit()) or if the job was not started yet.

Fix the issue by selecting the job to cancel in job_cancel_bh() itself
using the first job that's not completed yet. This is not necessarily
the first job in the list, because pvebackup_co_complete_stream()
might not yet have removed a completed job when job_cancel_bh() runs.

An alternative would be to continue using only the first job and
checking against JOB_STATUS_CONCLUDED or JOB_STATUS_NULL to decide if
it's still necessary and possible to cancel, but the approach with
using the first non-completed job seemed more robust.

Signed-off-by: Fabian Ebner <f.ebner at proxmox.com>
---

Changes from v1:
    * ref/unref is now done by the previous patch and wider in scope
      making sure a job in the di_list is always referenced.

 pve-backup.c | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 39 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/pve-backup.c b/pve-backup.c
index 3cede98b1d..f65b872177 100644
--- a/pve-backup.c
+++ b/pve-backup.c
@@ -350,15 +350,42 @@ static void pvebackup_complete_cb(void *opaque, int ret)
 
 /*
  * job_cancel(_sync) does not like to be called from coroutines, so defer to
- * main loop processing via a bottom half.
+ * main loop processing via a bottom half. Assumes that caller holds
+ * backup_mutex.
  */
 static void job_cancel_bh(void *opaque) {
     CoCtxData *data = (CoCtxData*)opaque;
-    Job *job = (Job*)data->data;
-    AioContext *job_ctx = job->aio_context;
-    aio_context_acquire(job_ctx);
-    job_cancel_sync(job, true);
-    aio_context_release(job_ctx);
+
+    /*
+     * Be careful to pick a valid job to cancel:
+     * 1. job_cancel_sync() does not expect the job to be finalized already.
+     * 2. job_exit() might run between scheduling and running job_cancel_bh()
+     *    and pvebackup_co_complete_stream() might not have removed the job from
+     *    the list yet (in fact, cannot, because it waits for the backup_mutex).
+     * Requiring !job_is_completed() ensures that no finalized job is picked.
+     */
+    GList *bdi = g_list_first(backup_state.di_list);
+    while (bdi) {
+        if (bdi->data) {
+            BlockJob *bj = ((PVEBackupDevInfo *)bdi->data)->job;
+            if (bj) {
+                Job *job = &bj->job;
+                if (!job_is_completed(job)) {
+                    AioContext *job_ctx = job->aio_context;
+                    aio_context_acquire(job_ctx);
+                    job_cancel_sync(job, true);
+                    aio_context_release(job_ctx);
+                    /*
+                     * It's enough to cancel one job in the transaction, the
+                     * rest will follow automatically.
+                     */
+                    break;
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        bdi = g_list_next(bdi);
+    }
+
     aio_co_enter(data->ctx, data->co);
 }
 
@@ -379,22 +406,12 @@ static void coroutine_fn pvebackup_co_cancel(void *opaque)
         proxmox_backup_abort(backup_state.pbs, "backup canceled");
     }
 
-    /* it's enough to cancel one job in the transaction, the rest will follow
-     * automatically */
-    GList *bdi = g_list_first(backup_state.di_list);
-    BlockJob *cancel_job = bdi && bdi->data ?
-        ((PVEBackupDevInfo *)bdi->data)->job :
-        NULL;
-
-    if (cancel_job) {
-        CoCtxData data = {
-            .ctx = qemu_get_current_aio_context(),
-            .co = qemu_coroutine_self(),
-            .data = &cancel_job->job,
-        };
-        aio_bh_schedule_oneshot(data.ctx, job_cancel_bh, &data);
-        qemu_coroutine_yield();
-    }
+    CoCtxData data = {
+        .ctx = qemu_get_current_aio_context(),
+        .co = qemu_coroutine_self(),
+    };
+    aio_bh_schedule_oneshot(data.ctx, job_cancel_bh, &data);
+    qemu_coroutine_yield();
 
     qemu_co_mutex_unlock(&backup_state.backup_mutex);
 }
-- 
2.30.2





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