[PVE-User] PVE HBA best practice

Alex Chekholko alex at calicolabs.com
Fri Apr 20 21:08:49 CEST 2018


"if you can connect the MD1400 to 2 servers at the same time you may have
some kind of SAS  failover cluster. "
https://github.com/ewwhite/zfs-ha/wiki
but it will need to be tested to see how it interacts with PVE. Should be
OK if you just use it as an NFSv3 storage pool in PVE.

On Fri, Apr 20, 2018 at 12:03 PM, Ronny Aasen <ronny+pve-user at aasen.cx>
wrote:

> On 20.04.2018 17:12, Gilberto Nunes wrote:
>
>> Hi there PVE Users!
>>
>> I have here a PowerEdge Dell R740 and a Storage MD1400.
>> This is a DAS Dell solution.
>> Further, we will have another server, that we will buy later, to compose a
>> cluster/HA solution.
>> So, what is the proper way to use the HBA within Proxmox, in order to make
>> it reliable and prepared to work later as Cluster/HA solution?
>> May I have ZFS pools?
>> May I have see the disk as local discs, and use it directly or what?
>>
>> I need some guide in this matter, some doc will be appreciated.
>>
>> Thanks a lot.
>> ---
>> Gilberto Nunes Ferreira
>>
>
>
> if you only have directly attached storage it is hard to make a HA
> solution. since once the server with the storage dies the other can not see
> it any more.
>
> normally in proxmox you have 3 servers (you can use a third lightweight
> server as witness if you only need 2 servers. eg a raspberry pi or similar)
> All the 3 servers can access the same storage. and run the same vm's from
> the shared storage. the shared storage can be a ceph cluster. a SAN, or NAS
> solution. but it should also be HA or you have just moved the Single point
> of failure from the vm hypervisor to the storage solution.    Now if a
> server dies, the leftover quorum of 2 servers decides the one server is
> gone and starts it's VM's on one of the 2 remaining servers.
>
> normally the single server loosing connection to the quorum should stop
> all vm's. but you should implement a STONITH  solution to prevent vm disk
> image corruption.
>
> with directly attached storage in servers you have a problem. you can
> either have storage in all servers and use zfs replication between them. it
> will not be as up to date as a shared system when it fail tho. Or you can
> build a HA storage system as a backend for your proxmox HA virtualization
> system.
>
> a server in front of the MD1400 can be a NFS/ISCSI server allowing
> multiple proxmox servers to use it as shared storage for proxmox HA. the
> storage solution is single point of failure.
>
> if you can connect the MD1400 to 2 servers at the same time you may have
> some kind of SAS  failover cluster.  something like HA-LVM
> https://www.linuxjournal.com/content/high-availability-storage-ha-lvm.
> MD1400 will be the new single point of failure. but it is less complex then
> a server so less likely to die. but HA-LVM is added complexity. and
> sometimes a simple NFS server is good enough (tm)
>
> if you have 4 similarly sized servers you can build a ceph cluster.
> https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Ceph_Server  you can even install proxmox
> and ceph together on 4 nodes in a hyperconverged solution, but this do
> require intimate knowledge of ceph and proxmox and enough juice in your
> server to deal with both jobs at the same time (especially in a failure
> situation when load will spike) https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/H
> yper-converged_Infrastructure
>
> good luck with proxmox !
> Ronny Aasen
>
>
>
>
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