[pve-devel] [PATCH docs v8 3/4] added vIOMMU documentation

Markus Frank m.frank at proxmox.com
Wed Jan 24 10:49:17 CET 2024

Signed-off-by: Markus Frank <m.frank at proxmox.com>
 qm-pci-passthrough.adoc | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 qm.adoc                 |  1 +
 2 files changed, 52 insertions(+)

diff --git a/qm-pci-passthrough.adoc b/qm-pci-passthrough.adoc
index 3abeb50..04a3bc2 100644
--- a/qm-pci-passthrough.adoc
+++ b/qm-pci-passthrough.adoc
@@ -499,6 +499,57 @@ properly used with HA and hardware changes are detected and non root users
 can configure them. See xref:resource_mapping[Resource Mapping]
 for details on that.
+vIOMMU (emulated IOMMU)
+vIOMMU is the emulation of a hardware IOMMU within a virtual machine,
+providing improved memory access control and security for virtualized I/O devices.
+Using the vIOMMU option also allows you to to passthrough PCI devices to level-2
+VMs in level-1 VMs via
+https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Nested_Virtualization[nested virtualization].
+There are currently two vIOMMU implementations available: Intel and VirtIO.
+Host requirement:
+* Add `intel_iommu=on` or `amd_iommu=on` depending on your CPU to your kernel
+command line.
+Intel vIOMMU
+Intel vIOMMU specific VM requirements:
+* Whether you are using an Intel or AMD CPU on your host, it is important to set
+`intel_iommu=on` in the VMs kernel parameters.
+* To use Intel vIOMMU you need to set *q35* as the machine type.
+If all requirements are met, you can add `viommu=intel` to the machine parameter
+in the configuration of the VM that should be able to passthrough PCI devices.
+# qm set VMID -machine q35,viommu=intel
+https://wiki.qemu.org/Features/VT-d[QEMU documentation for VT-d]
+This vIOMMU implementation is more recent and does not have as many limitations
+as Intel vIOMMU but is currently less used in production and less documentated.
+With VirtIO vIOMMU there is *no* need to set any kernel parameters.
+It is also *not* necessary to use q35 as the machine type, but it is advisable
+if you want to use PCIe.
+# qm set VMID -machine q35,viommu=virtio
+https://web.archive.org/web/20230804075844/https://michael2012z.medium.com/virtio-iommu-789369049443[Blog-Post by Michael Zhao explaining virtio-iommu]
 See Also
diff --git a/qm.adoc b/qm.adoc
index fa6a772..ac9738f 100644
--- a/qm.adoc
+++ b/qm.adoc
@@ -152,6 +152,7 @@ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intel_440FX[Intel 440FX] or the
 chipset, which also provides a virtual PCIe bus, and thus may be
 desired if you want to pass through PCIe hardware.
+Additionally, you can select a xref:qm_pci_viommu[vIOMMU] implementation.
 Machine Version

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