[pve-devel] [PATCH] ZFS ARC size not taken into account by pvestatd or ksmtuned

Bruce Wainer brwainer at gmail.com
Sat Jan 23 10:14:52 CET 2021


Hello Stephane,
I believe this change is very important and would fix an issue I'm having
on some of my servers. However the Proxmox team seems to be particular
about how they accept patches (which I don't blame them for, it just is
what it is). The details are here:
https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Developer_Documentation - but in general you
need to submit a Contributor Agreement, and submit the patch in a way that
makes it easy for them to apply it.
Alternatively if you are not willing to go through the steps of submitting
this yourself, we might be able to work things out so I can submit it.
Please let me know.
Sincerely,
Bruce Wainer

On Wed, Jan 20, 2021 at 8:44 AM Stephane Chazelas <stephane at chazelas.org>
wrote:

> [note that I'm not subscribed to the list]
>
> Hello,
>
> I've been meaning to send this years ago. Sorry for the delay.
>
> We've been maintaining the patch below on our servers for years
> now (since 2015), even before ZFS was officially supported by
> PVE.
>
> We had experienced VM balloons swelling and processes in VMs
> running out of memory even though the host had tons of RAM.
>
> We had tracked that down to pvestatd reclaiming memory from the
> VMs. pvestatd targets 80% memory utilisation (in terms of memory
> that is not free and not in buffers or caches: (memtotal -
> memfree - buffers - cached) / memtotal).
>
> The problem is that the ZFS ARC is tracked independendly (not as
> part of "buffers" or "cached" above).
>
> The size of that ARC cache also adapts with memory pressure. But
> here, since the autoballooning frees memory as soon as it's used
> up by the ARC, the ARC size grows and grows while VMs access
> their disk, and we've got plenty of wasted free memory that is
> never used.
>
> So in the end, with an ARC allowed to grow up to half the RAM,
> we end up in a situation where pvestatd in effect targets 30%
> max memory utilisation (with 20% free or in buffers and 50% in
> ARC).
>
> Something similar happens for KSM (memory page deduplication).
> /usr/sbin/ksmtuned monitors memory utilisation (again
> total-cached-buffers-free) against kvm process memory
> allocation, and tells the ksm daemon to scan more and more
> pages, more and more aggressively as long as the "used" memory
> is above 80%.
>
> That probably explains why performances decrease significantly
> after a while and why doing a "echo 3 >
> /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches" (which clears buffers, caches *AND*
> the ZFS arc cache) gives a second life to the system.
>
> (by the way, a recent version of ProcFSTools.pm added a
> read_pressure function, but it doesn't look like it's used
> anywhere).
>
> --- /usr/share/perl5/PVE/ProcFSTools.pm.distrib 2020-12-03
> 15:53:17.000000000 +0000
> +++ /usr/share/perl5/PVE/ProcFSTools.pm 2021-01-19 13:44:42.480272044 +0000
> @@ -268,6 +268,19 @@ sub read_meminfo {
>
>      $res->{memtotal} = $d->{memtotal};
>      $res->{memfree} =  $d->{memfree} + $d->{buffers} + $d->{cached};
> +
> +    # Add the ZFS ARC if any
> +    if (my $fh_arc = IO::File->new("/proc/spl/kstat/zfs/arcstats", "r")) {
> +       while (my $line = <$fh_arc>) {
> +           if ($line =~ m/^size .* (\d+)/) {
> +               # "size" already in bytes
> +               $res->{memfree} += $1;
> +               last;
> +           }
> +       }
> +       close($fh_arc);
> +    }
> +
>      $res->{memused} = $res->{memtotal} - $res->{memfree};
>
>      $res->{swaptotal} = $d->{swaptotal};
> --- /usr/sbin/ksmtuned.distrib  2020-07-24 10:04:45.827828719 +0100
> +++ /usr/sbin/ksmtuned  2021-01-19 14:37:43.416360037 +0000
> @@ -75,10 +75,17 @@ committed_memory () {
>      ps -C "$progname" -o vsz= | awk '{ sum += $1 }; END { print sum }'
>  }
>
> -free_memory () {
> -    awk '/^(MemFree|Buffers|Cached):/ {free += $2}; END {print free}' \
> -                /proc/meminfo
> -}
> +free_memory () (
> +    shopt -s nullglob
> +    exec awk '
> +      NR == FNR {
> +          if (/^(MemFree|Buffers|Cached):/) free += $2
> +          next
> +      }
> +      $1 == "size" {free += int($3/1024)}
> +      END {print free}
> +      ' /proc/meminfo /proc/spl/kstat/zfs/[a]rcstats
> +)
>
>  increase_npages() {
>      local delta
>
>
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