[pve-devel] [PATCH qemu 03/11] block: add alloc-track driver

Stefan Reiter s.reiter at proxmox.com
Mon Jan 11 12:14:01 CET 2021


Add a new filter node 'alloc-track', which seperates reads and writes to
different children, thus allowing to put a backing image behind any
blockdev (regardless of driver support). Since we can't detect any
pre-allocated blocks, we can only track new writes, hence the write
target ('file') for this node must always be empty.

Intended use case is for live restoring, i.e. add a backup image as a
block device into a VM, then put an alloc-track on the restore target
and set the backup as backing. With this, one can use a regular
'block-stream' to restore the image, while the VM can already run in the
background. Copy-on-read will help make progress as the VM reads as
well.

This only worked if the target supports backing images, so up until now
only for qcow2, with alloc-track any driver for the target can be used.

If 'auto-remove' is set, alloc-track will automatically detach itself
once the backing image is removed. It will be replaced by 'file'.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Reiter <s.reiter at proxmox.com>
---

Potentially for upstream as well, but let's maybe test it a bit here first ;)

 block/Makefile.objs |   1 +
 block/alloc-track.c | 319 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 320 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 block/alloc-track.c

diff --git a/block/Makefile.objs b/block/Makefile.objs
index 28fb3b7f7c..04f91b8cc9 100644
--- a/block/Makefile.objs
+++ b/block/Makefile.objs
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ block-obj-$(CONFIG_QED) += qed-check.o
 block-obj-y += vhdx.o vhdx-endian.o vhdx-log.o
 block-obj-y += quorum.o
 block-obj-y += zeroinit.o
+block-obj-y += alloc-track.o
 block-obj-y += blkdebug.o blkverify.o blkreplay.o
 block-obj-$(CONFIG_PARALLELS) += parallels.o
 block-obj-y += blklogwrites.o
diff --git a/block/alloc-track.c b/block/alloc-track.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..f2a4080579
--- /dev/null
+++ b/block/alloc-track.c
@@ -0,0 +1,319 @@
+/*
+ * Filter to allow backing images to be applied to any node. Assumes a blank
+ * image to begin with, only new writes are tracked as allocated, thus this
+ * must never be put on a node that already contains data.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2020 Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH
+ * Copyright (c) 2020 Stefan Reiter <s.reiter at proxmox.com>
+ *
+ * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2 or later.
+ * See the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
+ */
+
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+#include "qapi/error.h"
+#include "block/block_int.h"
+#include "qapi/qmp/qdict.h"
+#include "qapi/qmp/qstring.h"
+#include "qemu/cutils.h"
+#include "qemu/option.h"
+#include "qemu/module.h"
+
+#define TRACK_OPT_AUTO_REMOVE "auto-remove"
+
+typedef struct {
+    BdrvDirtyBitmap *bitmap;
+    bool dropping;
+    bool auto_remove;
+} BDRVAllocTrackState;
+
+static QemuOptsList runtime_opts = {
+    .name = "alloc-track",
+    .head = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(runtime_opts.head),
+    .desc = {
+        {
+            .name = TRACK_OPT_AUTO_REMOVE,
+            .type = QEMU_OPT_BOOL,
+            .help = "automatically replace this node with 'file' when 'backing'"
+                    "is detached",
+        },
+        { /* end of list */ }
+    },
+};
+
+static void track_refresh_limits(BlockDriverState *bs, Error **errp)
+{
+    BlockDriverInfo bdi;
+
+    if (!bs->file) {
+        return;
+    }
+
+    /* always use alignment from underlying write device so RMW cycle for
+     * bdrv_pwritev reads data from our backing via track_co_preadv (no partial
+     * cluster allocation in 'file') */
+    bdrv_get_info(bs->file->bs, &bdi);
+    bs->bl.request_alignment = MAX(bs->file->bs->bl.request_alignment,
+                                   MAX(bdi.cluster_size, BDRV_SECTOR_SIZE));
+}
+
+static int track_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, int flags,
+                      Error **errp)
+{
+    BDRVAllocTrackState *s = bs->opaque;
+    QemuOpts *opts;
+    Error *local_err = NULL;
+    int ret = 0;
+
+    opts = qemu_opts_create(&runtime_opts, NULL, 0, &error_abort);
+    qemu_opts_absorb_qdict(opts, options, &local_err);
+    if (local_err) {
+        error_propagate(errp, local_err);
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        goto fail;
+    }
+
+    s->auto_remove = qemu_opt_get_bool(opts, TRACK_OPT_AUTO_REMOVE, false);
+
+    /* open the target (write) node, backing will be attached by block layer */
+    bs->file = bdrv_open_child(NULL, options, "file", bs, &child_of_bds,
+                               BDRV_CHILD_DATA | BDRV_CHILD_METADATA, false,
+                               &local_err);
+    if (local_err) {
+        ret = -EINVAL;
+        error_propagate(errp, local_err);
+        goto fail;
+    }
+
+    track_refresh_limits(bs, errp);
+    uint64_t gran = bs->bl.request_alignment;
+    s->bitmap = bdrv_create_dirty_bitmap(bs->file->bs, gran, NULL, &local_err);
+    if (local_err) {
+        ret = -EIO;
+        error_propagate(errp, local_err);
+        goto fail;
+    }
+
+    s->dropping = false;
+
+fail:
+    if (ret < 0) {
+        bdrv_unref_child(bs, bs->file);
+        if (s->bitmap) {
+            bdrv_release_dirty_bitmap(s->bitmap);
+        }
+    }
+    qemu_opts_del(opts);
+    return ret;
+}
+
+static void track_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
+{
+    BDRVAllocTrackState *s = bs->opaque;
+    if (s->bitmap) {
+        bdrv_release_dirty_bitmap(s->bitmap);
+    }
+}
+
+static int64_t track_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
+{
+    return bdrv_getlength(bs->file->bs);
+}
+
+static int coroutine_fn track_co_preadv(BlockDriverState *bs,
+    uint64_t offset, uint64_t bytes, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int flags)
+{
+    BDRVAllocTrackState *s = bs->opaque;
+    QEMUIOVector local_qiov;
+    int ret;
+
+    /* 'cur_offset' is relative to 'offset', 'local_offset' to image start */
+    uint64_t cur_offset, local_offset;
+    int64_t local_bytes;
+    bool alloc;
+
+    /* a read request can span multiple granularity-sized chunks, and can thus
+     * contain blocks with different allocation status - we could just iterate
+     * granularity-wise, but for better performance use bdrv_dirty_bitmap_next_X
+     * to find the next flip and consider everything up to that in one go */
+    for (cur_offset = 0; cur_offset < bytes; cur_offset += local_bytes) {
+        local_offset = offset + cur_offset;
+        alloc = bdrv_dirty_bitmap_get(s->bitmap, local_offset);
+        if (alloc) {
+            local_bytes = bdrv_dirty_bitmap_next_zero(s->bitmap, local_offset,
+                                                      bytes - cur_offset);
+        } else {
+            local_bytes = bdrv_dirty_bitmap_next_dirty(s->bitmap, local_offset,
+                                                       bytes - cur_offset);
+        }
+
+        /* _bitmap_next_X return is -1 if no end found within limit, otherwise
+         * offset of next flip (to start of image) */
+        local_bytes = local_bytes < 0 ?
+            bytes - cur_offset :
+            local_bytes - local_offset;
+
+        qemu_iovec_init_slice(&local_qiov, qiov, cur_offset, local_bytes);
+
+        if (alloc) {
+            ret = bdrv_co_preadv(bs->file, local_offset, local_bytes,
+                                 &local_qiov, flags);
+        } else if (bs->backing) {
+            ret = bdrv_co_preadv(bs->backing, local_offset, local_bytes,
+                                 &local_qiov, flags);
+        } else {
+            ret = qemu_iovec_memset(&local_qiov, cur_offset, 0, local_bytes);
+        }
+
+        if (ret != 0) {
+            break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    return ret;
+}
+
+static int coroutine_fn track_co_pwritev(BlockDriverState *bs,
+    uint64_t offset, uint64_t bytes, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int flags)
+{
+    return bdrv_co_pwritev(bs->file, offset, bytes, qiov, flags);
+}
+
+static int coroutine_fn track_co_pwrite_zeroes(BlockDriverState *bs,
+    int64_t offset, int count, BdrvRequestFlags flags)
+{
+    return bdrv_pwrite_zeroes(bs->file, offset, count, flags);
+}
+
+static int coroutine_fn track_co_pdiscard(BlockDriverState *bs,
+    int64_t offset, int count)
+{
+    return bdrv_co_pdiscard(bs->file, offset, count);
+}
+
+static coroutine_fn int track_co_flush(BlockDriverState *bs)
+{
+    return bdrv_co_flush(bs->file->bs);
+}
+
+static int coroutine_fn track_co_block_status(BlockDriverState *bs,
+                                              bool want_zero,
+                                              int64_t offset,
+                                              int64_t bytes,
+                                              int64_t *pnum,
+                                              int64_t *map,
+                                              BlockDriverState **file)
+{
+    BDRVAllocTrackState *s = bs->opaque;
+
+    bool alloc = bdrv_dirty_bitmap_get(s->bitmap, offset);
+    int64_t next_flipped;
+    if (alloc) {
+        next_flipped = bdrv_dirty_bitmap_next_zero(s->bitmap, offset, bytes);
+    } else {
+        next_flipped = bdrv_dirty_bitmap_next_dirty(s->bitmap, offset, bytes);
+    }
+
+    /* in case not the entire region has the same state, we need to set pnum to
+     * indicate for how many bytes our result is valid */
+    *pnum = next_flipped == -1 ? bytes : next_flipped - offset;
+    *map = offset;
+
+    if (alloc) {
+        *file = bs->file->bs;
+        return BDRV_BLOCK_RAW | BDRV_BLOCK_OFFSET_VALID;
+    } else {
+        *file = bs->backing->bs;
+        return 0;
+    }
+}
+
+static void track_child_perm(BlockDriverState *bs, BdrvChild *c,
+                             BdrvChildRole role, BlockReopenQueue *reopen_queue,
+                             uint64_t perm, uint64_t shared,
+                             uint64_t *nperm, uint64_t *nshared)
+{
+    BDRVAllocTrackState *s = bs->opaque;
+
+    *nshared = BLK_PERM_ALL;
+
+    /* in case we're currently dropping ourselves, claim to not use any
+     * permissions at all - which is fine, since from this point on we will
+     * never issue a read or write anymore */
+    if (s->dropping) {
+        *nperm = 0;
+        return;
+    }
+
+    if (role & BDRV_CHILD_DATA) {
+        *nperm = perm & DEFAULT_PERM_PASSTHROUGH;
+    } else {
+        /* 'backing' is also a child of our BDS, but we don't expect it to be
+         * writeable, so we only forward 'consistent read' */
+        *nperm = perm & BLK_PERM_CONSISTENT_READ;
+    }
+}
+
+static void track_drop(void *opaque)
+{
+    BlockDriverState *bs = (BlockDriverState*)opaque;
+    BDRVAllocTrackState *s = bs->opaque;
+
+    bdrv_drained_begin(bs);
+
+    s->dropping = true;
+
+    bdrv_child_refresh_perms(bs, bs->file, &error_abort);
+    bdrv_replace_node(bs, bs->file->bs, &error_abort);
+    bdrv_set_backing_hd(bs, NULL, &error_abort);
+
+    bdrv_drained_end(bs);
+}
+
+static int track_change_backing_file(BlockDriverState *bs,
+                                     const char *backing_file,
+                                     const char *backing_fmt)
+{
+    if (backing_file == NULL && backing_fmt == NULL) {
+        /* backing file has been disconnected, there's no longer any use for
+         * this node, so let's remove ourselves from the block graph - we need
+         * to schedule this for later however, since when this function is
+         * called, the blockjob modifying us is probably not done yet and has a
+         * blocker on 'bs' */
+        aio_bh_schedule_oneshot(qemu_get_aio_context(), track_drop, (void*)bs);
+    }
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static BlockDriver bdrv_alloc_track = {
+    .format_name                      = "alloc-track",
+    .instance_size                    = sizeof(BDRVAllocTrackState),
+
+    .bdrv_file_open                   = track_open,
+    .bdrv_close                       = track_close,
+    .bdrv_getlength                   = track_getlength,
+    .bdrv_child_perm                  = track_child_perm,
+    .bdrv_refresh_limits              = track_refresh_limits,
+
+    .bdrv_co_pwrite_zeroes            = track_co_pwrite_zeroes,
+    .bdrv_co_pwritev                  = track_co_pwritev,
+    .bdrv_co_preadv                   = track_co_preadv,
+    .bdrv_co_pdiscard                 = track_co_pdiscard,
+
+    .bdrv_co_flush                    = track_co_flush,
+    .bdrv_co_flush_to_disk            = track_co_flush,
+
+    .is_filter                        = true,
+    .supports_backing                 = true,
+
+    .bdrv_co_block_status             = track_co_block_status,
+    .bdrv_change_backing_file         = track_change_backing_file,
+};
+
+static void bdrv_alloc_track_init(void)
+{
+    bdrv_register(&bdrv_alloc_track);
+}
+
+block_init(bdrv_alloc_track_init);
-- 
2.20.1





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