[pve-devel] [PATCH storage] zfspoolplugin: check if mounted instead of imported

Stoiko Ivanov s.ivanov at proxmox.com
Thu Feb 18 17:36:35 CET 2021

This patch addresses an issue we recently saw on a production machine:
* after booting a ZFS pool failed to get imported (due to an empty
* pvestatd/guest-startall eventually tried to import the pool
* the pool was imported, yet the datasets of the pool remained
  not mounted

A bit of debugging showed that `zpool import <poolname>` is not
atomic, in fact it does fork+exec `mount` with appropriate parameters.
If an import ran longer than the hardcoded timeout of 15s, it could
happen that the pool got imported, but the zpool command (and its
forks) got terminated due to timing out.

reproducing this is straight-forward by setting (drastic) bw+iops
limits on a guests' disk (which contains a zpool) - e.g.:
`qm set 100 -scsi1 wd:vm-100-disk-1,iops_rd=10,iops_rd_max=20,\
afterwards running `timeout 15 zpool import <poolname>` resulted in
that situation in the guest on my machine

The patch changes the check in activate_storage for the ZFSPoolPlugin,
to check the 'mounted' and 'canmount' properties of the configured
'pool' (which can also be a sub-dataset):
* if the zfs get fails, we try to import the pool (and run `zfs
  mount -a` if the dataset is not mounted after importing)
* if canmount != 'yes' we assume everything is ok
* if it reports the dataset as not mounted, we run `zfs mount -a`

The choice of running `zfs mount -a` has potential for regression, in
case someone manually umounts some dataset after booting the system
(but does not set the canmount option).

Signed-off-by: Stoiko Ivanov <s.ivanov at proxmox.com>
rfc -> v1:
* incorporated Thomas' feedback (Thanks):
** we now check both properties mounted,canmount and only run mount -a
   if the dataset is not mounted, but should be by config
** this prevents the code from constantly running zfs mount -a in case
   the system has canmount=off on the root-dataset
** however in that case, if the (child) datasets were not mounted due to
   a timeout, they will not get mounted (as before)

 PVE/Storage/ZFSPoolPlugin.pm | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 30 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/PVE/Storage/ZFSPoolPlugin.pm b/PVE/Storage/ZFSPoolPlugin.pm
index 105d802..3d25e6a 100644
--- a/PVE/Storage/ZFSPoolPlugin.pm
+++ b/PVE/Storage/ZFSPoolPlugin.pm
@@ -525,27 +525,49 @@ sub activate_storage {
     my ($class, $storeid, $scfg, $cache) = @_;
     # Note: $scfg->{pool} can include dataset <pool>/<dataset>
-    my $pool = $scfg->{pool};
-    $pool =~ s!/.*$!!;
+    my $dataset = $scfg->{pool};
+    my $pool = ($dataset =~ s!/.*$!!r);
-    my $pool_imported = sub {
-	my @param = ('-o', 'name', '-H', "$pool");
-	my $res = eval { $class->zfs_request($scfg, undef, 'zpool_list', @param) };
+    my $dataset_mounted = sub {
+	my ($mounted, $canmount) = eval {
+	    $class->zfs_get_properties($scfg, 'mounted,canmount', $dataset)
+	};
 	if ($@) {
 	    warn "$@\n";
 	    return undef;
+	#canmount is off|noauto, zfs get worked - assume pool is correctly imported
+	return 'yes' if $canmount =~ /^(?:off|noauto)$/;
+	return $mounted;
+    };
+    my $mount_all = sub {
+	eval { $class->zfs_request($scfg, undef, 'mount', '-a') };
+	die "could not activate storage '$storeid', $@\n" if $@;
+    };
+    my $pool_imported = sub {
+	my @param = ('-o', 'name', '-H', "$pool");
+	my $res = eval { $class->zfs_request($scfg, undef, 'zpool_list', @param) };
+	warn "$@\n" if $@;
 	return defined($res) && $res =~ m/$pool/;
-    if (!$pool_imported->()) {
+    my $mounted = $dataset_mounted->();
+    if (!$mounted) {
+	# error from zfs get mounted - pool import necessary
 	# import can only be done if not yet imported!
-	my @param = ('-d', '/dev/disk/by-id/', '-o', 'cachefile=none', "$pool");
+	my @param = ('-d', '/dev/disk/by-id/', '-o', 'cachefile=none', $pool);
 	eval { $class->zfs_request($scfg, undef, 'zpool_import', @param) };
 	if (my $err = $@) {
 	    # just could've raced with another import, so recheck if it is imported
-	    die "could not activate storage '$storeid', $@\n" if !$pool_imported->();
+	    die "could not activate storage '$storeid', $err\n" if !$pool_imported->();
+	$mount_all->() if !$dataset_mounted->();
+    } elsif ($mounted =~ /^no$/) {
+	# best effort mount everything
+	$mount_all->();
     return 1;

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